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LKAB's operations are decentralized to two separate business areas: Iron Ore and Special Products. Among other things, this division serves to make a clear distinction between group-wide tasks and production-related tasks. Important areas of development are managed by group staff units.

Iron Ore

This business area includes three production locations, each of which is tasked with producing uniformly high-quality iron with a high degree of delivery assurance. Operations include exploration and mine planning, mining operations, upgrading of iron ore products, and maintenance of plant and equipment.

Focus areas are increased production, reduced costs, less environmental impact and assured, stable processes.

As a part of the company's logistics operations, LKAB Malmtrafik is responsible for transporting iron ore products on the Malmbanan railway to the ports of Narvik and Luleå for loading to ships and subsequent delivery to customers.

This operation is also responsible for transporting crude ore between production locations. Delivery assurance is a central part of the logistics operation.


The orebody in the Kiruna underground mine is about 80 metres wide and four kilometres long and is one of the world's largest.

The present main haulage level, at a depth of 1,365 metres, came into operation in 2013. The mined ore is hauled from rock bins to crushing plants by remote-controlled electrically driven trains.

As mining progresses successively deeper, stresses in the bedrock increase and rock mass tremors occur. Reinforcement measures, planned and implemented according to the impact of mining operations, are increased successively to secure a safe work environment and meet planned production targets.

After the ore is brought up from the mine by skip hoists it is upgraded in the nearlying processing plants - sorting, beneficiation and pelletizing.


Mining operations in Malmberget are distributed over about 20 orebodies. About ten of these are currently mined. The principal mineral is magnetite, but smaller quantities of hematite are also mined in Malmberget.

The current main level in Malmberget is at a depth of 1,250 metres. The mined ore is hauled by large trucks to the crusher plant, and then carried by long belt conveyors to ore hoists for haulage up to surface level.

Processing takes place in plants at surface level. Pellets are the main product, but fines products are also produced. An unusually high iron grade means that fines from Malmberget are considered the best in the world.


In LKAB's open-pit mines the ore is extracted by means of bench mining. The ore is mined at successively deeper levels by means of drilling and blasting. As more ore is mined out, production progresses successively deeper. In the Svappavaara open-pit mines iron ore is mined and processed for production of pellets in Kiruna and Malmberget.

Special Products

This business area includes LKAB Minerals, LKAB Wassara and LKAB Berg & Betong.

LKAB Minerals

  • 400 employees in 11 countries.
  • Develop mineral solutions using the unique properties of the mineral and maximises the usefulness in the customers process.
  • Magnetite from Sweden, Mica from Finland and hydromagnesite/huntite from Turkey.
  • In addition, processing and marketing a portfolio of other minerals.
  • Is the leading supplier of minerals for, among other things, heavy concrete (radiation protection, pipe coating, counterweights), ballast, water purification, plastics and refractory bricks.

LKAB Wassara

  • Developing, processing and marketing unique water-powered drilling systems, which is a prerequisite for efficient mining under ground in the iron ore mines of LKAB.
  • External sales for building and construction, mines, exploitation, dam construction and geoenergy. Marketing and sales are mostly done through distributors.

LKAB Berg & Betong

  • Conducts rock reinforcement work, drifting, mining and processing of ore, crushing and upgrading of iron ore products and upgrading of waste rock to gravel and macadam (crushed stone) for concrete ballast and construction.

  • The world's largest producer of shotcrete.

  • Together with the subsidiaries LKAB Mekaniska and LKAB Kimit, the offering includes a complete programme for rockwork and concrete services. LKAB Mekaniska AB provides mechanical engineering services, steel construction and maintenance. LKAB Kimit is one of Sweden's biggest manufacturers of explosives and mainly supplies LKAB.

Market and technology - for mining operations that are sustainable over the long term

Product quality, long-term relations and technological collaboration with customers are the basis of sales activities. With indepth knowledge of customers' processes, the company offers unique services, support and technical expertise that create value and differentiate LKAB from competitors in the market.

For technological development, highly productive mining production, development of upgraded products, energy-efficient and and climate-efficient processes, and increased utilization of plant and machinery are priority areas.

Within this unit the company is also pursuing two development projects: SUM (sustainable underground mining), a new world standard for mining a great depths, and Hybrit, where LKAB’s focus is on future pelletizing plants and the energy transition to fossil-fuel-free production.

Exploration, strategy and business development

The task of the exploration organization is to increase mineral resources in Kiruna, Malmberget and Svappavaara. Exploration activities consist of geophysical surveying, drilling and drifting of exploration drifts.

The Strategy and Business Development function is responsible for strategy, business planning and budgeting. Principal activities are macroeconomic development and the markets for steel and iron, and base and industrial minerals.

HR and sustainability – a safe work environment and minimized environmental impact

Responsibility for work environment, environment, HR, quality and energy issues. A safe work environment is our highest priority.

By managing, developing and coordinating the overall work of sustainability, the unit contributes to LKAB's development as a sustainable company.

The Code of Conduct guides sustainability work, which is based on economic, social and environmental factors.

Activities are focused on teamwork and continuous development to improve LKAB and its employees. Diversity and inclusion are keys to success.

Finance - value creation services for sustainable profit

Finance delivers value-adding services to the group and external entities within the areas finance and law.

As a joint group function, the unit has a supporting and developmental role in the company's operations. The task of this staff function is to manage and develop processes and to secure regulatory compliance and good internal control, including risk management.

Communication and Climate - greater knowledge of, and coincidence in, LKAB

The unit is responsible for strategic and financial communication, press relations, the intranet, social media, web, news publications, community relations, events, sponsoring and visitor reception.

By supporting group management, the business areas and staff functions, the unit strengthens the image of LKAB as an attractive company among stakeholders, thereby benefiting the business and attracting new co-workers.

As an in-house consultancy, the unit supports the communications activities of group management and co-workers.

Urban Transformation - community and mine together

The task of urban transformation is to secure access to land for the mining operations of LKAB.

The operation covers estate agents and purchasers of new homes and properties, project managers as well as being responsible for the areas being closed down and the development areas.

The unit is responsible for compensating the affected private individuals, business owners and local authorities in conjunction with the urban transformation.

Read more about our operation here.